1st Professional Examination:
Marks distribution of Assessment of Anatomy
Total Marks-500

  • Written= 200 (Formative 20+MCQ (SBA+MTF) 40 (SAQ+SEQ) 140)
  • SOE= 150
  • Practical= 150

Assessment in Anatomy

Component Marks Total marks
Formative Assessment 10+10 20
Paper-I- MCQ(SBA+MTF) 20
(SAQ+SEQ) 70 180
Paper-II- MCQ (SBA+MTF) 20
(SAQ+SEQ) 70
Board I 75 150
Board II 75
Objective Structured Practical Exam (OSPE) 30                 30
Dissection 10                 10
Anatomy of Radiology and imaging 10                 10
Lucky Slides 10                 10 75+75
Living Anatomy 10                 10
Practical Khata 05                  —
Integrated Teaching —                   05
Grand Total                                             500

Department of Anatomy, for Session 2022-23

Core (General Anatomy):

  • Definition, subdivisions of anatomy, and its importance in the study of medicine.
  • Anatomical terminologies, anatomical planes & positions.
  • Skeletal system; Bones- classification, consumption, functions, parts of a developing long bone, blood supply, periosteum & endosteum. Ossification- definition, centers, processes. Factors affecting the growth of bone.
  • Cartilages: composition, types, characters, locations, and functions.
  • Joint: classification, characteristics of each type and movements, stability of the joints. Clinical conditions associated with joints. The general plan of blood supply and nerve supply of joints.
  • Muscular systems: different ways of classification, characteristics, and functions of different types.
  • Skeletal muscle- classification; principle applied to innervation & contraction.
  • Blood vascular system: component parts, general plan, structure, classification.
  • Differences between different types of vessels. Nutrition and innervations of vessels.
  • Circulation- systemic, portal 7 pulmonary circulation characteristic features of each type.
  • Vascular anastomosis: types, sites, characteristics, features of lymph capillaries. Comparison with blood capillary.
  • Lymphoid organs: classification, distribution & functions.


Core (Cell Biology):

  • Human Cell- basic organization, types of constituents, cell membrane.
  • Nuclease- structure & functions
  • Cytoplasm, organelles, and inclusion- structure & functions
  • Functional correlation of different types of cells (protein secreting, ion transporting, steroid
  • secreting, mucus-secreting, antibody-producing cell) in respect of their nuclear. cytoplasmic,
  • membrane, and surface features.


Core (Human Genetics):

  • Chromosomes: Basic structure
  • terms 7 definitions: Gene, Gene locus, genome, genotype, phenotype. genetic trait etc.


General Histology

Basic tissues:
# Definition, classification, components, characters, distribution, and functions of
• Epithelial tissue and its subtypes
• Connective tissue and its subtypes
• Muscular tissue and its subtypes

# Structure and functions of
• Cell surface specialization
• Intercellular junction

# Histological structure of
• Smooth muscle tissue
• Cardiac muscle tissue
• Skeletal muscle tissue

# Mechanism of muscle contraction
# Structure and function of Nervous tissue
• Neurons
• Neuroglia


Systemic Histology: histological structures of

  • Respiratory system: Respiratory tract & Lung
  • Vascular system: Different types of arteries, capillary & vein
  • Lymphoid organs: Thymus, spleen, lymph node & tonsil
  • Digestive system & associated Glands: tongue, esophagus, stomach, intestine, Liver, gall bladder, pancreas
  • Exocrine glands: salivary glands
  • Urinary system: kidney, ureter, urinary bladder
  • Male reproductive system: testis, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle
  • Female reproductive system: ovary, uterus, uterine tube, vagina
  • Endocrine glands: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands
  • Skin and its appendages


Core (General Embryology):
• Introduction: terms and definition; Significance of study of embryology.
• Basic process of development: proliferation, growth, differentiation, inductors, evocators, and organizer
• Cell division: Types
• Chromosomal changes during cell division with anomalies in Gametogenesis and maturation of Germ cells.
• Fertilization: Events, factors influencing the fertilization;
• Progress in 1st week of development
• Progress in 2nd week of development.
• Progress in 3rd week of development.
• Derivatives of germ layers: ectoderm, mesoderm & endoderm.
• Foetal membranes: Placenta, chorion, amnion, umbilical cord, yolk sac etc.
• Twins
• Teratology

• Human Evolution
• Concepts of medical biotechnology in relation to embryology
• Molecular regulation &cell signaling


Core (Systemic Development Anatomy):

Development and the Anomalies of

  • Skeletal system & vertebral column
  • Muscular system
  • Upper and lower limb
  • The digestive system with associated glands
  • Respiratory system
  • Cardiovascular System & aortic arches
  • Coelomic cavity & the diaphragm
  • Skin & mammary gland
  • Urinary system
  • The male and female Reproduction system
  • Pituitary & suprarenal gland
  • Face & neck & their associated organs
  • Nervous System
  • Eye & Ear



Development of

  • Lymphatic System
  • Vascular System


Core (Neuroanatomy):

  • Introduction to the Nervous system,
  • Composition of grey matter and white matter
  • Nerve fibers: structure classifications & functions, myelination, degeneration, regeneration
  • Receptors: definition, structure classifications location & functions
  • Synapse: definition, structure classifications & functions
  • Autonomic nervous system: parts, autonomic nerve plexuses & ganglia
  • Coverings of brain and spinal cord: Pia, arachnoid, and dura mater, their extension, folds, spaces, nerve supply & blood supply
  • Ventricular system and Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF): Location of different ventricles of the brain, the formation, composition, circulation, absorption & functions of CSF
  • Blood-brain and Blood-CSF barriers: Composition & function


Core (Neuroanatomy):

Motor system

  • Cerebrum (motor areas): Gyri, sulci, and important functional areas with effects of
  • lesion; mode of blood supply
  • Pyramidal & extrapyramidal system & effects of their lesion Cerebellum: parts, functional lobes, nuclei, peduncles & functions, blood supply, clinical conditions
  • Basal nuclei: locations, parts, functions artery supply & clinical conditions
  • Motor and mixed Cranial Nerves: Classification, functional components, cranial nerve nuclei and course of cranial nerves


Sensory system

  • Dermatome & axial line
  • Cerebrum (sensory areas): Gyri, sulci, and important functional areas with effects of the lesion; mode of blood supply
  • Ascending tracts of the spinal cord with effects of lesions
  • Diencephalon: parts & functions Sensory cranial nerves & Smell, visual & auditory pathway
  • Spinal Cord: Length, extension, enlargement, blood supply, cross-sections at a different levels
  • Brain stem: blood supply, cross sections at different levels
  • Reticular formation
  • Limbic system



Core (Living Anatomy):

  • Counting of ribs and costal cartilages
  • Heart-apex and borders
  • Lung-borders and apex
  • Trachea & Bronchi
  • Esophagus
  • Triangle of auscultation
  • Jugular notch
  • Sternal angle
  • Area of superficial Cardiac dullness

Common carotid and subclavian artery Internal thoracic artery


Superior extremity
Core (Living Anatomy):

  • Nerves: Radial, Ulnar, Median nerve, Axillary nerve
  • Arteries: Bronchial, Radial, Ulnar artery, superficial and deep palmar arch
  • Veins: cephalic, basilic & median cubital vein
  • Flexor retinaculum
  • Anatomical snuff box
  • Medial humeral epicondyle


Abdomen (Living Anatomy)

  • Trans-pyloric plane, Trans tubercular plane, Subcostal plane, mid clavicular line
  • Regions of abdomen
  • Superficial & deep inguinal ring, Inguinal canal
  • Abdominal aorta & inferior vena cava
  • Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas, Liver, Gall bladder, Bile duct, spleen, Kidney from back & Mac Burney’s point
  • Transverse colon, ureter from front and back, celiac trunk, splenic artery, Root of the mesentery


Inferior extremity (Living Anatomy)

  • Common peroneal nerve, Tibial nerve
  • Popliteal artery
  • Anterior & posterior tibial artery
  • Arteria dorsalis pedis
  • Great Saphenous vein
  • Small Saphenous vein
  • Adductor tubercle
  • Lateral and Medial Malleolus
  • Greater trochanter of femur Anterior superior iliac spine



  • Femoral nerve, sural nerve, Medial and lateral plantar artery, and plantar arch.


Head and neck (Living Anatomy)

  • Facial artery, Facial vein
  • Internal jugular vein, External jugular vein
  • Common Carotid artery & its bifurcation
  • Facial Nerve & their branches
  • Vagus nerve in the neck
  • Parotid gland and its duct
  • Frontal and maxillary air sinuses
  • Thyroid gland
  • Tip of the coracoid process
  • The inferior angle of scapula Tip of the 7th cervical spine



  • Pterion, lambda
  • Middle meningeal artery


Core (Anatomy of Radiology & Images):

Radio opaque structures
Radio-lucent structures
Plain X-ray of the

– chest PA view
– abdomen AP view
– pelvis AP view
– arm including proximal & distal joints AP & lateral view
– forearm including proximal & distal joints AP & lateral view
– hand including proximal & distal joints
– thigh including proximal & distal joints AP & lateral view
– leg including proximal & distal joints AP & lateral view
– foot including proximal & distal joints AP & lateral view
– head & neck (cervical spine) AP & lateral view
– Paranasal sinuses OM view



  • Common normal Ultrasonography, Isotope scan.
  • Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI), CT scan
  • Coronary Angiography


Thorax (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Pleurisy/Pleural effusion
  • Pneumothorax
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Pericarditis/ pericardial effusion
  • Flail chest
  • Paralysis of the diaphragm


Abdomen (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Portal vein obstruction
  • Hydrocele
  • Hernia
  • Peritonitis, ascites Gastric ulcer
  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Gallstone/cholecystitis
  • appendicitis
  • Benign hyperplasia of prostate, Prostatic cancer
  • Cystocele
  • Stress incontinence
  • Rupture urethra
  • Salpingitis
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Prolapse of uterus/vagina
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Undescended testis
  • Psoas abscess
  • Ischiorectal abscess


Head & Neck (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Fracture of the skull bones
  • Scalp injury Piriform fossa and foreign body
  • Otitis media
  • Sinusitis
  • Epistaxis Tonsilitis
  • Swelling of the thyroid gland
  • Mumps
  • Cavernous vein thrombosis
  • Cervical rib


CNS & Eyeball (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Injury to brain/ eyeball/ spinal cord/cranial nerves
  • Meningitis
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Cerebral ischemia, intracranial hemorrhage (extradural, subarachnoid, cerebral)
  • Papilledema
  • Horner’s syndrome


Superior extremity (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Dislocation of shoulder joint Brachial plexus & injury to its nerves
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Colle’s fracture
  • Breast abscess & breast cancer


Inferior extremity (Clinical Anatomy)

  • Varicose vein
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Nerve injury
  • Dislocation of the hip joint
  • Rupture of menisci & cruciate ligament, Bursitis
  • Deformities of foot
  • Arterial pulsation
  • Intravenous injections
  • Intramuscular injection
  • Apex beat, mitral, tricuspid, aortic & pulmonary areas
  • Sternal puncture
  • Pleural effusion
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Coronary angiogram
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Paracentesis /peritoneal dialysis
  • Ryle’s tube
  • Endoscopy
  • Liver abscess
  • Vasectomy Tubal ligation
  • Nasogastric intubation
  • Palpation of Cervical lymph node
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Epidural/spinal anesthesia
  • Pudendal block
  • Fundoscopy


Regional Anatomy: THORAX CARD

  • Thoracic wall formation, thoracic cavity, intercostal space, and mediastinum.
  • Bones and joints of the thorax
  • Spinal nerve/intercostal nerve
  • Heart with pericardium.
  • Lung with pleura, trachea, and bronchus.
  • Blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics of the thorax.
  • The diaphragm.
  • Oesophagus
  • Clinical Anatomy


  • The pectoral region with mammary gland
  • Axilla
  • Superficial dissection of the upper limb, back, and scapular region including quadrangular & triangular space in Front of the arm, forearm, and palm
  • Back of the arm, forearm, and dorsum of the hand
  • Blood supply, lymphatic drainage, cutaneous innervation & dermatome of superior extremity
  • Bones & joints of the upper limb
  • Clinical Anatomy


Regional Anatomy: ABDOMEN CARD


Regional Anatomy: ABDOMEN CARD

  • The anterior wall of the abdomen with the hernial region.
  • Stomach, abdominal part of the esophagus Duodenum, pancreas, and spleen.
  • The mesentery and mesenteric vessels. jejunum and ileum.
  • Large intestine. rectum & anal canal
  • Liver with the biliary apparatus including gall bladder; portal vein.
  • Kidney, suprarenal gland, ureter, urinary bladder & urethra.
  • Ovary, uterus, uterine tube, female external organs, and perineum.
  • Vas deferens, seminal vesicle, prostate, and male external genital organs. Muscles, blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves of the posterior abdominal wall.
  • Muscles, blood vessels lymphatics, and nerves of the pelvis.
  • Lumbar vertebra, bony pelvis & joints
  • Clinical Anatomy



  • Front and medial side of the thigh
  • Gluteal region and back of the thigh
  • Front of the leg and dorsum of the foot
  • Lateral side, medial side, and back of the leg including the popliteal fossa sole of the foot
  • Bones & joints of lower limb
  • Arches of the foot
  • Blood supply, lymphatic drainage, cutaneous innervation & dermatome of the inferior extremity
  • Clinical Anatomy


Regional Anatomy: HEAD & NECK CARD

  • Bones & joints of head and neck
  • Scalp and temporal region
  • Face and orbit
  • Anterior triangle and its subdivisions, the submandibular region including the thyroid gland
  • Posterior triangle
  • Mouth and tongue
  • Pharynx
  • Nose and paranasal sinuses
  • Larynx
  • Vertebral column and deep dissection of the back of the neck
  • External, middle, and internal ear.
  • Clinical Anatomy



  • Introduction to the nervous system, cranial cavity, and orbit.
  • General examination of the brain
  • Superficial attachments of cranial nerves
  • meninges of the brain
  • Cerebrum: lobes of the cerebrum, sulci, gyri & important functional areas, blood supply,
  • formation of Circle of Willis
  • Diencephalon: thalamus, hypothalamus, meta thalamus, epithalamus, and pituitary gland
  • Basal nuclei, internal capsule, extrapyramidal system, and limbic system
  • Brain stem and reticular formation Cranial nerves
  • Ventricles and cerebrospinal fluid Spinal cord & spinal nerves eyeball
  • Clinical Anatomy